This is a paper for the Creation Journal.

Abstract: The use of probability in defense of atheism, specifically in Richard Dawkins’ book The God Delusion, is analyzed. A definition of probability consisting of five parts is used to review the key probability claims made by Dawkins, which relate to the existence of the universe, the origin of God, the possibility of a multiverse, fine-tuning, and the anthropic principle. The concept of God as first cause is defended as a rational proposition that was insufficiently addressed by Dawkins, but provides a logical defense against his core argument. The fine-tuning argument is a teleological argument underpinned by a correct use of probability. This argument demonstrates that a God who is first cause is a more probable explanation for the origin of the observed universe than the naturalist’s appeal to mindless processes.

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